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The Problem of Ego Identity

Most Frequently Cited Articles - dim, 2016-12-04 02:00
Erik Homburger Erikson
Feb 1, 1956; 4:56-121
Article

The Problem of Ego Identity

Most Frequently Read Articles - dim, 2016-12-04 02:00
Erik Homburger Erikson
Feb 1, 1956; 4:56-121
Article

精神分析师的欲望和自性阻抗问题 (The Analysts Desire and the Problem of Narcissistic Resistances)

分析师不可避免地会欲求着与病人的特别体验,这常常导向自性基础上的阻抗。这样的欲望形式是值得思考的。 可以检视一下这五种假设: 1 分析师情不自禁地会有欲望,并想要被分析者认可这些欲望; 2 这些欲望经常标识了分析师的理论信仰和技术性干预; 3 自性的欲望及其影响在分析实践中是普遍存在的; 4 病人经常在留心分析师的各种目的;5 病人常常希望分析师将他的欲望放在一边来倾听自己,以使病人能够深入到自己的利益中去。拉康"二元关系"的概念是这一讨论的核心。新克莱因派关于自性阻抗的位置也将被探究,而"分析性第三者"的概念也成为了这一问题的一个潜在解决方式。由此扩展的一个案例阐明了这些主要观点。

Masochism and its Rhythm

Over five years, from 1919 to 1924, Freud dealt with masochism in three texts written in close proximity: "A Child Is Being Beaten," Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and "The Economic Problem of Masochism." Initially Freud explains masochism as incestuous fixation on the father and regression to pregenital, sadistic ways of loving. Subsequently he considers it primarily as subservient to the death drive. This paper starts from an idea present in two of the three texts, but not developed by Freud, in which he refers to the role that the "qualitative" element of rhythm could play in the occurrence of pleasure in masochism. By means of this element traumatic aspects of the primary relationship with the object could be stored as fantasies in the body. In any staged masochistic fantasies of being beaten or in masochistic perversion, the pleasure of pain would lie in the attempt to "dream" the trauma not only in the imagination but also, "aesthetically," in the body.

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